A History Of Soviet Russia
Rock music and jeans, which have been criticized as characteristic of Western culture, have been legalized. The Soviet black market flourished during the Brezhnev era and “false western jeans” became very popular according to Archie Brown. Western rock groups such as The Beatles remained very popular throughout the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc, even though official Soviet policies remained cautious. Soviet rock music evolved and became a form of disagreement against the Soviet system. Vladimir Vysotsky, Alexander Galich and Bulat Okudzhava were the most recognized rock musicians, and their lyrics and music in general criticized the country’s Stalinist past and the undemocratic system.
At the same time, thousands of Moscow residents were homeless, most of them living in huts, doors and parked trams. Authorities often performed sweeps of cinemas, restaurants and saunas to locate people who sneak out of work, especially during major events such as the 1980 Summer Olympics that attracted large numbers of foreign visitors. In the late 1970s, food stopped improving, with rationing of staple foods returning to places like Sverdlovsk.
As a temporary administration, he postponed all difficult decisions, such as what to do with regard to the seizure of land by the farmers, before the Constituent Assembly. Middle-class politicians wrongly believed that one of the reasons for the February Revolution was popular anger at the incompetence of war behavior. They did not see Germany as a threat to Russian sovereignty and left their share of the owner’s property en masse.
Political corruption, which had grown significantly during Brezhnev’s tenure, had become a major problem for the economic development of the Soviet Union in the 1980s. Andropov believed that the Soviet economy could recover if the government could increase social discipline among workers. Brezhnev was seen as very vain and obsessed with himself, but was praised for leading the Soviet Union into an era of unprecedented stability and internal peace. During the eighteen years that Brezhnev ruled the Soviet Union, average per capita income increased by half in equivalent US dollars. In the first half of the Brezhnev period, per capita income increased by 3.5 percent per year, although this meant slightly less growth than in the past few years of Khrushchev. This can be explained by the reversal of most of Khrushchev’s policy when Brezhnev came to power.
The history of the Soviet Union from 1964 to 1982, known as the Brezhnev era, covers the period of Leonid Brezhnev’s rule over the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics . This period started with high economic growth and increasing prosperity, but gradually significant social, political and economic problems arose, so the period is often described as the era of stagnation. They were warm relations, hoping that the Soviet Union will continue economic and democratic Soviet collectibles reforms. Supported by the liberalized atmosphere of glasnost, public discontent with economic conditions in the Soviet period was much more open than ever. Although perestroika was considered courageous in the context of Soviet history, Gorbachev’s efforts to reform economically were not radical enough to restart the country’s chronically slow economy in the late 1980s. The provisional government was undone by war, economic collapse and its own incompetence.
After Stalin’s death in 1953, a period known as de-Stalinization and Khrushchev took place under the leadership of Nikita Khrushchev. The country developed rapidly as millions of farmers were transferred to industrialized cities. The USSR took an early lead in the Space Race with the first satellite and the first manned space flight and the first probe to land on another planet, Venus. In the 1970s, there was a brief détente in relations with the United States, but tensions resumed when the Soviet Union deployed troops to Afghanistan in 1979.