A Short Timeline Of The History Of Photography!
Johann Heinrich Schulze showed that the eclipse of silver salts, a phenomenon known since the 16th century and possibly earlier, was caused by light and not heat. He demonstrated the fact by using sunlight to capture words in the salts, but tried not to keep the images permanently. Their discovery, combined with the camera obscura, provided the basic technology needed for photography. The essential elements of the image are usually determined immediately at the time of exposure.
Archer’s collodion process was a success and would remain in constant use until 1871, when it was eventually replaced by Maddox’s dry sheet process. Until about 1890, most prints were made from collodion-negative albumin prints, so called because the photo paper was first covered with albumin, then treated with salt and silver nitrate and was visible until the image appeared. English photographer and inventor Thomas Wedgwood is said to have been the first person to think of creating permanent images by capturing camera images of material covered with a photosensitive chemical. Originally, he wanted to capture images from a camera obscura, but found that they were too weak to have an effect on the silver nitrate solution recommended as a photosensitive substance. Wedgwood managed to copy painted glass plates and shadows caught in white leather, as well as paper moistened with a silver nitrate solution.
The earliest examples of abstract photography appeared in the mid-19th century in images of scientific experiments that were later viewed from an artistic point of view. The first deliberately abstract photos were the extortion of Alvin Langdon Coburn in 1916. László Moholy-Nagy’s frames and Man Ray’s Rayographies are remarkable examples of abstract photography in the 1920s.
Wedgwood may have given up his experiments prematurely because of his fragile and poor health. After reading about the discovery of Daguerre, Talbot perfected a method that could expose a negative role for just a minute or two, creating a “latent” image that could then be chemically “developed” boudoir photography crawfordsville indiana and made visible. The resulting translucent negative, despite being less detailed than the daguerreotype, had the advantage that it could be used to make multiple positive copies. As with the bitumen process, the result turned out to be positive when it was well lit and viewed.
In the 1830s, two different types of photographic images developed in France and England. The metal-based and mirror-like daguerreotype was invented in France in the 1830s by Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre and Joseph-Nicéphore Niepce. The daguerreotype, named after Daguerre, who introduced him to the world in 1839, was created by a process of covering a copper plate with silver iodide, which was then inserted into the camera and became visible. Later, for the image to appear, the plate was then exposed to mercury vapor and made permanent with saline.
SLR cameras use a moving mirror behind the lens, which reflects the image on the lens to the viewfinder. The advantage of this is that the photographer sees exactly what is recorded in the image medium. When you press the shutter button, the mirror turns on and the light goes directly to the image medium.
It is clear that the difficulties in developing a glass negative under these conditions must have been significant. Photography, when it first appeared in the 19th century, used a few different technologies that had existed for thousands of years. Chinese philosopher Mo Ti and Greek mathematicians Aristotle and Euclid knew about pinhole camera in the 5th century BC and Byzantine mathematician Anthemius of Tralles used a camera obscura in his experiments in the 6th century. Pinhole camera is a box with a hole on one side and is completely dark on the inside. When light passes through a hole, it projects an inverted image onto a wall opposite a hole. Camera obscura works on a similar principle, but often has a lens through which light flows and a mirror that reverses and projects the image at the top of the box.
The plates used an emulsion process instead of a simple coating, resulting in a much faster exposure time of just seconds. The collodion plates had to be coated, sensitized and developed within a period of fifteen minutes, necessitating the use of a portable darkroom. The most common emulsion plates were ambrotype, made on glass plates, and tin type, made on tin plates. In 1851, Frederick Scott Archer introduced the collodion wet plate process, which produced a negative image on a transparent glass plate.